At 3000 BC in Mesopotamia, the ceramicist and the mosaicist's passion for bright and durable tiles, a glass-like secret came to life, and the glass bead's motive for decoration gave life. Egypt has been one of the most important ancient centers, where the glass industry developed by taking the glass from an architectural point of view with its glass inlaid decoration.
Eastern Mediterranean, with the skill of Phoenician glass masters BC. 1000 also glowed. Glass was processed on ivory using the inlaid technique and glass mosaic items were produced. B.C. In the city of Alexandria, which developed the style and technique of the Hellenistic period in the second half of the 3rd century, golden glass plates were produced using the sandwich technique. Nearly seven centuries later, Byzantine mosaicists cut cubic stones from gold glass and used them for walls, and the glowing mosaic era began.
In the 1st century, the Roman Empire’s borders expanded towards the east and the mosaic trend grew by including the glass state. The mosaics were decorated with colored glass since the 4th century. Eastern Mediterranean glassmakers shared their glass palette equipped with 20 red tones, 30 different green tones, and 200 different colors in total with mosaic masters studying at Byzantine mosaic schools. Using mosaics to make their paintings permanent, important painters of the 16th century reached a technical level by giving the painting immortality and texture.
What is Glass Mosaic?
Glass mosaics are generated by collecting scrap glass for recycling purposes. The collected glasses are mixed with the grinder mixer until they become powder in a grinder. Glass dye in the desired color is added during the mixing process and when the moistening process is finished, it is sent to pressing. When the pressing process is finished, it is sent to the pre-set 900-degree constant temperature furnaces.
After the glass mosaic is shaped, the product is sent to its sieve and formed into a glass mosaic string there. Pre-determined patterns and shapes on drawing papers are prepared on a scale and transferred. Sizing of the mosaics is the next process. Sizing is done in order to transfer the mosaics regularly to the molds measuring 32x32 cm. According to the model in the drawing, glass mosaics are placed in the plastic molds upside down. After this step, glue is applied to the back of the mosaics on 31x31 cm meshes. The netting method is ideal for easier application of glass mosaics.
The final stage in glass mosaic manufacturing is drying. The glass mosaic models made are transferred to suitable places for drying and kept waiting to dry. Mosaic prices vary according to the construction, model, and colors of the mosaic. The most preferred are usually glass mesh mosaics.
Where is Glass Mosaic Used?
Nowadays, glass mosaics are used in most interior walls and countertops. Pool mosaics, which have the same production steps, can also be used on bathroom walls and floors. There are glass mosaic models that can be laid for the walls of rooms or halls. It is a decorative wall covering material that can be easily applied to any surface.