Marble rocks that enter human habitats have a history dating back thousands of years. Marble, which has a very important place in history, was used for the first time in human life as an item or weapon without changing its natural structure. The story of marble begins with the Neolithic Age when human beings shaped their living spaces according to their own needs with the construction of the first shelters.
Artistic Aspect of Marble
Marble; It is also the basic building material of the art of sculpture, one of the indispensable branches of art for centuries with its potential richness, elegance and durability. Phrygians, Hittites, Romans, Mesopotamian Civilization, Seljuks, Ancient Egyptians, Lydians, Persians, Ancient Greeks, Ottomans and many other civilizations have managed to survive and used marble in their sculptures and structures that shed light on history.
What is Marble?
Marble is formed by exposure of the limestone, which is formed over time by metamorphic movements, to pressure and heat. It usually contains micas, iron oxides, clay minerals, other minerals such as pyrite, graphite and quartz, and is mostly composed of the mineral calcite (CaCO 3). Calcite in the limestone recrystallizes under metamorphism conditions to form a rock with calcite crystals linked together. Usually, their colour is greyish and white. However, they can be in colours such as red, yellow, pink, black, bluish and brownish due to foreign substances. When marble is examined under a microscope, it can be seen that calcite crystals are formed by tightly interlocking. Marble has been used in many architectures for centuries and is a history leftover from the Ottoman Empire. Even though there are many mines that can replace marble today, marble has a historical reflection and an indispensable nostalgic atmosphere. easily removable and marble imported from Turkey are available in many varieties.
What Are The Usage Areas Of Marble?
Products obtained from natural stones have been processed and used by people throughout history. Marble can be used in wet places such as bathrooms, kitchens, corridors, building insulation and outdoor landscaping of buildings. It is suitable for the use of marble in the common areas of buildings such as stairs, floors and steps, and in the decoration of buildings such as shopping malls and hotels. Previously used in artistic activities due to its durability and aesthetic appearance, today the main areas of use of marble; sculpture, construction sector, making of ornaments, decoration and graveyards. Slabs made of blocks and other dimensional products are used in the exterior and interior covering of the buildings, stair steps, kitchens and bathrooms, bearing columns, fireplace and floor covering. Coloured marble, green porphyry, veined marble and onyx marble are used in significant amounts in the production of products such as ashtrays, chandeliers, trinkets, tables and coffee tables, especially used in interior decoration. In statues and monuments, regular grain and white marble, the most valuable marble type, is used as an art material. In addition to aesthetic appearance and decoration applications, natural stones with high durability; Due to environmental pollution and atmospheric conditions, it is especially used in the construction of bus terminals, trade centres, subways, skyscrapers and airports.