Natural stones, which are used and known by people, are one of the building materials that date back to ancient times. Natural stone is generally used in the fields of architecture and art. From protection to shelter in human life, from transferring messages and feelings to the future, to entrusting your body in its endless journey; Being a symbol of trust, strength, and eternity, natural stone is a material that has been integrated with people for ages.
From the Orkhon Inscriptions, the Creation Myths of the Altai Turks can be found in the symbolism of Kutlug Mountain, which the Uighurs believe to give happiness, good fortune, abundance, and strength. Many mythological stories from the Havaşi stone, which is considered sacred in Babylon, Akkadian, Sumer, Anatolia, and the Hittites, to the Mother Goddess Cybele, known to be related to a meteor stone in the Phrygians.
What is Natural Stone?
Natural stone, one of the oldest building materials, is shaped in nature over millions of years. It is a general word defined for each of the various stones of different origins. Natural stone is an immortal material.
The best-known varieties are granite, marble, and travertine. There are also natural stones that are obtained from nature and used in the jewelry industry. The most known and preferred are quartz, turquoise, amethyst, agate, amber, onyx. When it wants to be used as a building material; Products such as travertine, marble, granite, andesite, and basalt stand out.
The physical properties of natural stones differ according to the quarry structure they are located in. While the sizes of the blocks extracted from the quarry are variable, natural stones do not have standard sizes. Therefore, plates of various sizes are provided from each different block. The available plates are measured according to the dimensions requested by the end-users. However, to be able to produce with the least waste, it will be appropriate to determine the size according to the size of the existing plates to reduce the cost.
What Are The Usage Areas Of Natural Stone?
Natural stones with high abrasion and pressure resistance are durable. For this reason, it is preferred to be used in many parts of the buildings. Looking at the past, it is seen that the most important works of natural stones were built. It can be used easily both outdoors and indoors. When it is desired to be used outdoors it needs to be brushed, sandblasted, or honed.
Applications are made in facade coatings, interior and exterior floors, wall coverings, skirting, column coverings, and stair steps. Natural stones are also seen in landscaping areas as cube stone flooring or dimensional material applications on walkways. In recent years, it is frequently demanded as decorative ponds and garden walls.
It does not contain any harmful substances, so it can be used safely on kitchen countertops. It is also used in the manufacturing of bathroom countertops, sinks, and shower trays in wet areas. It attracts a particular interest in home decoration as a coffee table, dining table, and ornamental objects. Different surface treatments such as the split face, brushing, polishing, tumbling, sandblasting, and honing can be applied according to the purpose and area of use.