Natural stones, which are used and known by people, are one of the oldest building materials. Natural stone is generally used in the fields of architecture and art. From protection to shelter in human life, from conveying his messages and feelings to the future to entrusting his body on its endless journey; Natural stone, which is a symbol of trust, solidity, and eternity, is a material that has been integrated with people throughout the ages. From the Orkhon Inscriptions, the Creation Legends of the Altai Turks can be found in the Kutlug Mountain symbolism, which the Uyghurs believe to bring happiness, good fortune, fertility, and strength. The important functions of the stone are seen in many mythological stories, from the Havashi stone, which is considered sacred in Babylon, Akkad, Sumer, Anatolia, and the Hittites, to the Mother Goddess Cybele, which is known to be related to a meteor stone in the Phrygians.
What is Natural Stone?
Natural stone, one of the oldest building materials, takes shape in nature over millions of years. It is a general word defined for each of various stones of different origins. Natural stone, which is almost ready in nature, is an immortal material. The most well-known varieties are granite, marble, and travertine. There are also natural stones obtained from nature and used in the jewelry industry. The most known and preferred quartz are turquoise, amethyst, agate, amber, and onyx. When it wants to be used as a building material; Products such as travertine, marble, granite, andesite, and basalt come to the fore. The physical properties of natural stones differ according to the structure of the quarry. While the dimensions of the blocks removed from the quarry are variable, natural stones do not have standard dimensions. Therefore, plates of various sizes are supplied from each different block. According to the dimensions requested by the end-users, the slabs at hand are sized. However, in order to produce with the least waste, it will be appropriate to determine the size according to the dimensions of the existing plates in terms of reducing the cost.
What are the Usage Areas of Natural Stone?
Natural stones with high abrasion and pressure resistance are durable. For this reason, it is preferred to be used in many parts of the buildings. Looking at the past, it is seen that the most important works were built from natural stones. It can be easily used both indoors and outdoors. When it is desired to be used outdoors; It is necessary to apply a surface treatment such as brushed, sandblasted or honed to provide non-slip. Applications are made on facade cladding, interior and exterior flooring, wall cladding, skirting, and column-column cladding, and stair steps. Natural stones are also seen in landscaping areas as quarry paving on walkways or as cut-to-size material applications. In recent years, it is frequently demanded as ornamental pools and garden walls. It does not contain any substances harmful to health, so it can be used safely on kitchen counters. It is also used for the manufacture of bathroom counters, sinks, and shower trays in wet areas. It attracts special attention in home decoration as a coffee table, dining table, and ornamental objects. Different surface treatments such as blasting, brushed, polished, aged, sandblasted, and honed can be applied according to the purpose and area of use.