Porcelain, whose raw materials are only of natural origin, takes its distinctive whiteness from the raw materials used in the production rather than the sizes used; It is described as a product with light transmittance, obtained by cooking at 1400 ° C, not threatening human health. It is a variety in the large ceramic group consisting of all products made from clayey soil or, in its clearest form, from raw materials containing clay. Porcelain is produced in two types as a hotel and homegroup. Porcelains produced for home use pass light when exposed to sunlight. However, hotel group porcelains are produced much more thickness in accordance with world standards. The porcelain produced for hotels transmits light only when held to a lamp. Today's restaurants preheat the plates in which they put food in order to preserve the temperature of the food. The thicker the plate, the longer it will stay warm and the flavour of the dish will remain fresh.
What is the Raw Material of Porcelain?
Porcelain; It is produced from feldspar, quartz and kaolin materials. Kaolin material enables porcelain dough to take shape, knead and colour more easily. Quartz, which is a skeleton-forming raw material, dissolves in feldspar to a great extent, making the porcelain paste glassy and hard, resistant to chemical effects and heat.
What are the Points to Consider While Using Porcelain Products?
There is no harm in heating porcelain products in microwaves and in the heater parts of ovens. However, direct contact with fire creates a shock effect on the porcelain and causes it to break. Therefore, porcelains should never come into direct contact with fire. Porcelain products can easily be used in deep freezers. However, if the porcelain comes out of the freezer and is put into a high-temperature oven immediately afterwards, the porcelain breaks due to the sudden temperature change. Therefore, porcelain products at room temperature should come into contact with heat. Using chalky water frequently on porcelain can create white spots on the products over time. However, these stains can be easily removed with the help of vinegar.
The use of metal cutlery may leave marks on porcelain surfaces. It is normal to have these traces that do not cause any damage. These traces can be easily removed. For this purpose, special formulated and soft cleaners can be used.
Coffee and tea stains on the porcelain product can be removed with the help of tooth-cleaning powder or Borax, which is porcelain cleaning powder.
Differences Between Porcelain and Ceramic
The production methods of the two product groups with different raw materials are also different from each other. Thanks to these differences, the properties of the products also change. Since their firing temperatures are lower, ceramic products are porous, that is, water permeable. Therefore, glaze cracks that occur due to the absorption of water by ceramic products are evident in their long-term use. At the same time, cracks may occur in ceramic products as a result of a hard impact due to the low firing temperature. The most important difference between the two groups is that porcelain products pass daylight while ceramic products do not light.