Porcelain is a healthy product with high light transmittance, produced only from naturally sourced raw materials, fired at around 1400 ° C and strengthened, taking its whiteness not from dyes but from raw materials used. Porcelain, produced from materials containing clay, is a member of the ceramic group.
Porcelain is produced in two types as home and hotel groups. The house group is porcelain that transmits light when exposed to daylight. Those in the hotel group are produced thicker and adapt to world standards. However, they can pass light when held in a lamp. Restaurants use preheated plates to maintain the temperature of the food. The thicker the dish, the longer the temperature retention will take and the flavor of the dish will remain fresh.
Porcelain is divided into soft and hard porcelain according to its temperature, proportions, and raw materials. The feldspar formed at a high temperature of 1400 ° C and the high kaolin in its content are the most important features of hard porcelain. This situation creates the durability and surface hardness of the porcelain. Although the kaolin ratio is less, the feldspar formation temperature is lower. Therefore, soft porcelain has less impact resistance and mechanical hardness than a hard porcelain.
What Are The Properties Of Porcelain?
When you look at the properties of porcelain many can be said that it is a common type of ceramic. Some of the basic properties of porcelain are as follows: It is an insulating material, it cannot transmit heat and electricity. It is a hard material but has low impact resistance. Its final structure does not contain pores. It is resistant to thermal shocks and has a natural white color.
Porcelain, which is suitable for use in many areas, unfortunately has a product perception that is only used in dinnerware today. The use of porcelain is preferred in many electronic circuits and is a suitable material for floor and wall covering. Although it is not common, it can be preferred for porcelain, floor tiles, and faience since it has a non-porous structure.
What are the Differences Between Ceramic and Porcelain?
Porcelain, although referred to as a kind of ceramics are different in many ways from ceramic. Let's examine how porcelain and ceramic are distinguished from each other in their daily use. Both porcelain and ceramic are obtained by firing various minerals and clay soil. However, porcelain is cooked at much higher temperatures than ceramic. For this reason, it has a more glassy structure.
Ceramic has a rougher structure than porcelain. If a smooth texture is needed, porcelain is preferred, if a slip-resistant and rough texture is needed, ceramic is preferred. The resistance of porcelain against sudden temperature changes is higher than ceramic. If given an example, a quality porcelain teapot will not be damaged by the heat. While ceramic is opaque, porcelain can be found in light-colored or translucent types. While ceramics are generally preferred in floor and wall coverings, porcelain is preferred in the production of electronic circuit components and tableware.